Thalidomide Group Australia

  Looking for Justice 



Timeline...


Thalidomide and Australia

1953:                     Thalidomide was created in Germany by the Grünenthal Group. 

                              Primarily prescribed as a sedative thalidomide also claimed to cure anxiety, insomnia, gastritis, and

                              tension.   

                              Later, it was used against nausea and to alleviate morning sickness in pregnant women.

 


1956:                     The first Thalidomide-affected baby was born in West Germany to a Grünenthal employee.

 


1958/April:          Thalidomide was first licenced for use in the United Kingdom under the brand name Distaval.    

 


June 1960:           Thalidomide was marketed in Australia.

 


1961/March:      Distaval is declared a potent drug in Victoria, Australia.    This restricted its sales to Chemists.

 


1961/April:          Australian Dr. William McBride, notified Chemie Grünenthal’s Australian distributor Distillers about his

                            suspicions of the link between Distaval (Thalidomide) and malformations.   

                            Distillers claim they never received the written report. 

                            Yet sales promotion of the drug was stepped up and a quarter of a million leaflets distributed saying

                            Thalidomide is "Harmless even over a long period of use" and "completely harmless even for infants".

 


1961/May 4:       Dr. William McBride reported further malformations due to Thalidomide and  succeeded in convincing

                            his superiors at Crown Street Women's Hospital, Sydney, that the drug must be withdrawn from use in

                            the hospital.    

                            In October and November Dr. McBride reported further malformed babies.   

 


1961/Oct:          Approved for sale over the counter without a prescription in Victoria, Australia.



1961/Nov:          Thalidomide was withdrawn from the British and the Australian markets by the manufacturer,

                           Chemie Grünenthal.

 


1961/Dec 2:        Australian distributor Distillers withdrew from sale, Distaval, Asmaval, Tensivale, Valgis, and Valgraine.  

                           All (5) of these medications contained Thalidomide. 

                           Whilst Distaval was most commonly associated with morning sickness and baby abnormalities, the other

                           medications were prescribed for symptoms of headache, toothache, hay fever, bronchitis, migraine,

                           fibrositis, asthma, neuralgia, arthritis.

                           The reality was, that any of these tablets (or syrup) could be given to an unsuspecting woman, her child

                           be mutilated or murdered, and the connection between Thalidomide and Thalidomide babes, not be

                           made.

                           Whilst Thalidomide (under the collection of trade names listed above) was withdrawn by Distillers, the

                           Australian Government did nothing to alert the public and/or search and destroy remaining stock.    



1961/Dec 16:      Dr McBride's observations were published in the Lancet highlighting the connections between

                           Thalidomide and birth defects.  

                           His observations were also published in the Australian Medical Journal on December 23.

 


1962/Jan 6 and Feb 3:      Prof. Widijung Lenz who had warned against Thalidomide in Germany published evidence of

                                              deformities in the Lancet. 

                                              Chemie Grünenthal continued making and distributing Thalidomide, stepping up its

                                              advertising and intensive marketing despite criticism of doctors 

 


1962/March 4:         Thalidomide was removed from the shelves in Germany because of public opinion and against the

                                    wishes of Chemie Grünenthal.    

                                    News of the dangers of Thalidomide was played down by the media.   

                                    In many cases, malformed births occurred after the drug was withdrawn as many households were

                                    in possession of the drug. 

                                    Pregnant mothers took it never realizing the risks involved.                     

 


1962/April:          Classified as a drug to be sold only on doctors’ prescriptions in Victoria, Australia.

 


1962/July:            FDA inspector Frances Kelsey, prevented the drug’s approval within the United States despite pressure

                              from the pharmaceutical company and FDA supervisors.

                              Kelsey felt the application for thalidomide contained incomplete and insufficient data on its safety and

                              effectiveness.  

                              Kelsey was also concerned that there were not yet any results available from U.S. clinical trials of the

                              drug.     

 


1962/Aug 1:         President John F. Kennedy immediately responded to the recommendations of Frances Kelsey, by;

                                          *   Alerting the people of America to the dangers of Thalidomide.  

                                              He personally made appearances on television warning of the dangers.

                                          *   Had warnings flashed on the television screens and over the radio at regular intervals

                                               throughout the day and night for weeks.

                                          *   Called for a nationwide search of every home and medicine cabinet in the country.

                                          *   Ordered for the destruction of every Thalidomide tablet found.

                                          *   Allocated a team of 200 men to track down every doctor who may have obtained supplies 

                                               from outside sources, giving orders that any Thalidomide found to be destroyed on sight.

 


1962/July 27:    New Zealand Department of Health issued a directive to seize Thalidomide from Chemists and hospital

                           shelves, under the Section 12 of the Food and Drug Act. 



1962/Aug:       New Zealand Government prohibited the importation, manufacture, sale, and use of Thalidomide in

                         New Zealand.  



1962/Aug 9:     Australian government  FINALLY  bans the sale of Thalidomide.



1962/Aug 9:      Minister for Health (Senator Wade) said no action was necessary on the drug Thalidomide in Australia,

                          because “the manufacturer had withdrawn it from the market.”   ( The Age, August 9, 1962)

                                        *   Because of this “no action”, it was still possible to walk into a Chemist shop and purchase 100

                                            tablets 7.5 months after “the manufacturer had withdrawn it from the market”.

                                        *   Because of this “no action” it was also possible for the manufacturer to make supplies available

                                            to hospitals at any time.



1962:              The following citations from the Federal Parliament Hansard suggest a delay occurring between when the

                       Australian Health Department became aware of the effects of Thalidomide, and the banning of the drug.


                       August 22:  “Why was not the ban on Distaval imposed then, instead of four months afterwards, when a

                                          question was asked in this House?

                                          Senator Turnbull (Tas), 22 August 1962;

 

                       August 30The reason why I raise this matter, Mr. Deputy President, is that I have a disquieting feeling that

                                           our Department of Health is not sufficiently aware of what is happening.”

                                           Senator Turnbull (Tas),30 August, 1962;    


                       October 17:  “I think that not only every honorable member but everybody in the country was shocked by

                                             the tragedy of babies born deformed as a result of the use by their mothers during pregnancy

                                             of the drug  thalidomide.  Australia's Minister for Health does not seem to have been shocked

                                             sufficiently to do much about it”,

                                              Mr. Webb (Stirling), 17 October, 1962.


Dec 13, 1962:     Letter from J.F. Cairns (Member of House of Representatives) writes to Senator Wade (Federal Health

                           Minister) to inquire as to the possibility of  Thalidomide being contained in Tensival, Valgis, and

                           Valgraine.   

                           These medications were on sale for common complaints.



Dec 17, 1962:     Federal Health Minister Wade replies to J.F Cairns responding, “he would have to investigate

                            this matter”.


 

 Jan 3, 1963:    As written by the Director General to Minister Wade;

                                     “On the 10th December, The Melbourne Herald published your warning to householders to destroy

                                      supplies of Thalidomide preparations in their possession, but so far as can be ascertained, your

                                      statement did not appear in Interstate newspapers. 


 

 Jan 9, 1963:    Minister Wade responds:

                                     “I am of the opinion that a further press statement on Thalidomide would serve no useful

                                      purpose at present time”


 

May 14, 1963:       Senator McClelland, addresses the Australian Federal Parliament;

                                               “The fact is, as I have said, that very little, if anything at all, is being done to assist these 23

                                                malformed Australians.   Perhaps it is that society, consciously or unconsciously, wants to

                                                forget about them.     Perhaps it is that a collective family group of 23 cannot be regarded as

                                                a pressure group.  In any event, very little, if anything at all, is being done in Australia to

                                                alleviate the problems of the parents of these children or to assist the afflicted children

                                                themselves.”     

                                                The Senate Appropriation Bill (No.2) 1962-63.  May 14,1963.

                                                                                             (Note: only 23 babies were identified as Thalidomide at this stage)

 


Mid to late 1960’s:           The Australian Government made available the facilities of Veterans Affairs to provide the

                                          fitting of artificial limbs for those children missing either upper or lower limbs.

 


1968:                 Chemie Grünenthal is brought to trial in Germany charged with intent to commit bodily harm and

                          involuntary manslaughter.

 


1970:                The trial against Grünenthal is brought to a premature end by the German government stating that the

                         trial “was not in the public interest”.

 


1974:               The Australian government made a one-off payment of $150,000 to off-set the taxes earned by the

                        Thalidomide Foundation. 

 


2010:               United Kingdom Health Minister (Mike O’Brien) makes a formal apology to their Thalidomide Victims,

                        expressing “sincere regret and deep sympathy” on behalf of the government.


 

2012:               The inventor of Thalidomide (the Grünenthal Group) releases a statement saying it regrets the

                        consequences of the drug.

                                “We ask that you regard our long silence as a sign of the silent shock that your fate has caused us!” 

                                Company Chief Executive, Harold Stock

 


Currently:             Following any settlements in 1974 (Distillers), 2010 (Diageo), and 2014 (Diageo), the Australian Federal

                                Government passed legislation ensuring that the lump sum and ex-gratia payments were not

                                considered income and therefore not liable for payment of income tax. 

 


Currently:             The Grünenthal Group have never recognised and/or compensated its Australian victims.  

                                In 2015, The Grünenthal Group boasts  a revenue of 1.2 billion euro.

                                The Grünenthal Group are present in 32 countries with products sold worldwide in 155 countries.

                            

 

Currently:            Chemie Grünenthal is STILL operating here in Australia unencumbered by sanctions or penalties.



Currently:            The Australian Government is still ignoring the Thalidomide survivors they helped create.